The references in this website are keyed to this list of sources, which are in no particular order. (For castles on the Mani, see John Chapman's Mani) website.)
01. Lock, P., The Franks in the Aegean 1204-1500 (New York: Longman, 1995). Scholarly but accessible introduction.
02. Charalambos, B., 'Aspects of the Byzantine City, Eighth–Fifteenth Centuries', pp.498-528 of A.E. Laiou, (ed) The Economic History of Byzantium: From the Seventh through the Fifteenth Century, vol. 2, (Washington DC: Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, 2002). Useful on the relationship between the castle and its surrounding town.
03. Paradissis, A., Fortresses and Castles of Greece, tr. S. Paradissis, 3 vols, vol. 1 (Athens: Efstathiadis, 1982.). The organisation may be somewhat eccentric, and it covers all periods, but he covers a lot of sites
04. Hetherington, P., Byzantine and Medieval Greece (London: John Murray, 1991). Excellent gazetteer cover churches and castles, with a guide to how to reach the sites.
05. Andrews, K., Castles of the Morea, Gennadeion Monograph 4 (Princeton, NJ: American School of Classical Studies at Athens 1953). Research based around a Venetian survey of the 17th/18th centuries; detailed coverage of a limited number of sites.
06. Grigorakis, P., Migadis, S., and Charalambous, D., Methoni-Koroni, tr. Ramp, P., Greek Traditional Architecture (Athens: Melissa, n.d.). This booklet focusses on the domestic architecture of the villages but includes some details of their history and fortifications. Wonderful photographs.
07. Papakonstantinou, M., The Kastro of Lamia (Athens: Ministry of Culture Archaeological Receipts Fund, 1994) ISBN 960-214-133-6. A booklet with a detailed history and examination of the castle, plans, illustrations.
08. De Jongh, B., The Companion Guide to Mainland Greece, The Companion Guides (London: Collins 1979). Evocative, comprehensive guide book.
09. Wright, D.G., 'Bartolomeo Minio: Venetian Administration in 15th Century Nauplion' EJOS, III (2000), no. 5, 1-235. Excellent detailed examination of the day to day life of a Venetian governor in the Morea. Is (or was) available online.
10. Hellenic Ministry of Culture websites: these often have useful details about the castles, and sometimes have good ariel views. Referenced by castle: go to http://www.culture.gr/, click on 'Museums, Monuments and Archaeological Sites of Hellas' and again on 'List of Archaeological Sites'.
11. Byzantine & Modern Greek Studies ISSN : 0307-0131 (Print) 1749-625X (Online)
12. Cochran, P., 'The Sale of Parga and The Isles of Greece', Keats-Shelley Review 2000, (pp. 42-51
13. Miller, W., 'The Marquisate of Boudonitza (1204-1414)' Journal of Hellenic Studies, Vol. 28, 1908 (1908), pp. 234-249.
14. Mackay, Pierre A., 'Procopius' De Aedificiis and the Topography of Thermopylae' American Journal of Archaeology, Vol. 67, No. 3 (Jul., 1963), pp. 241-255
15. Luce, B. S., Modon - a Venetian Station in Medieaval Greece Classical and Mediaeval Studies in Honor of E.K. Rand (New York, 1938).
16. Katsafados, P.S., Ta Kastra tis Mainis (Athens, 1992).
17. Alexander, J.C., Brigandage and Public Order in the Morea, 1685-1806 (Athens, 1985). Readable account of the lawless conditions in the Peloponnesse, showing castles in use into the 19th century.
18. Miller, W., The Latins in the Levant: a History of Frankish Greece (1204-1566) (London, 1908). 649 pages of narrative history from a somewhat romantic Edwardian perspective, readable if wordy, with plenty of detail. Above all, he "visited all the chief castles" connected with the Frankish period.
19. Arnakis, G.G., George Jarvis. His Journal and Related Documents (Thessalonica, 1965). Memoirs of an Americal philhellene who fought in the War of Independence, with occasional references to castles utilised during the conflict.
20. Woodhouse, W.J., Aetolia: Its Geography, Topography, and Antiquities. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1897. Also available on Google at
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Unless otherwise stated, the text, images and design of this site are (c) the author. This page last updated 29 Dec 06